Mental Health Disorders

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Behavioral Help Solutions encourages our clients to educate themselves. We firmly believe that information is a key to both mental health & substance abuse recovery. The more you know about a diagnosis, the better prepared you can be to take on and tackle the symptoms associated with it.

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Experiencing occasional symptoms of depression is a common human experience. Experiencing prolonged and persistent symptoms may represent clinical depression, in which the symptoms interfere with the ability to perform daily activities. The most commonly diagnosed forms of depression are:

Major depression in which the symptoms interfere with performing basic daily functions and managing personal responsibilities such as maintain employment.

Persistent depressive disorder lasts for at least two years and may consist of symptoms of major depression. Furthermore, there are specific circumstantial forms of depression that may be diagnosed within this category of depression, such as:

  • Psychotic depression.
  • Postpartum depression.
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

Bipolar Depression

It is also known as manic-depressive illness, is generally characterized by experiencing extreme manic “highs” and extreme depressive lows.

Depressive disorders are believed to be caused by a combination of biological and environmental factors. In other words, depression may be found to run in the family and environmental or situational experiences may trigger it. Individuals diagnosed with a depressive disorder experience a variety of symptoms, each with its level of severity and duration. Although depressive disorders can be severe and debilitating, the symptoms can be managed effectively with a carefully considered medication management and psychotherapeutic treatment plan.

Medication Management for Depression

Antidepressant medication is designed to affect certain neurotransmitters in the brain that appear to regulate moods, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. The following are a variety of some of the most commonly prescribed antidepressant medications:

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

  • Fluoxetine (Prozac)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft)
  • Escitalopram (Lexapro)
  • Paroxetine (Paxil)
  • Citalopram (Celexa)

Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)

  • Venlafaxine (Effexor)
  • Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

Antidepressant Regulating Dopamine

  • Bupropion (Wellbutrin)

Psychotherapy for Depression

Psychotherapy is a highly effective treatment for symptoms of depression. In severe cases, it may be most effective in conjunction with a carefully monitored medication management plan. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy designed to help people restructure negative thought patterns allowing them to experience a more positive and optimistic view of their environment and interaction with others.

Signs and Symptoms of Depression

  • Sad and tearful affect
  • Persistent feelings of sadness
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, hopelessness
  • Loss of appetite or overeating
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Aches and pains
  • Irritability
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • If you or a loved one is suffering from symptoms of depression, call us now

Bipolar disorder is commonly associated with irregular and unmanageable mood swings and extreme fluctuations in the level of both energy and activity. The severity of bipolar disorder symptoms can be severe, contributing to an inability to maintain employment, poor academic performance, and disruption of interpersonal relationships.

Various factors may appear to contribute to the presence and severity of bipolar disorder symptoms such as genetic predisposition, traumatic events, and the environment.

Furthermore, there is a strong correlation between bipolar disorder and drug and alcohol abuse, perhaps due to efforts to self-medicate the disorder's unwanted symptoms.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

There are various commonly recognized signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder, including a period of emotional distress with depression and an overly joyful episode of mania. During an episode of depression, the person with bipolar disorder may experience the following symptoms:

  • Feel sad and depressed
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Poor concentration and memory
  • Lack of interest in daily activities
  • Fatigue

During an episode of mania or manic episode, the person with bipolar disorder may be overly happy, outgoing, and sometimes irritable. The most commonly reported symptoms of bipolar disorder mania are:

  • Hyper-verbal
  • Racing thoughts
  • Extreme irritability
  • Easily distracted
  • Engaging in high-risk behaviors

Bipolar Disorder

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder according to diagnostic guidelines outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM).

1. Bipolar 1 Disorder is diagnosed when there is a pattern of manic or mixed episodes, which may include depression that lasts for at least seven days, or with manic symptoms so severe requiring immediate hospitalization.

2. Bipolar 11 Disorder is diagnosed when there is a pattern of both depressive and hypomanic episodes without full-blown manic or mixed episodes.

3. Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified is diagnosed when symptoms of bipolar disorder exist. However, diagnostic criteria for Bipolar I and Bipolar II are not met, provided the symptoms are clearly out of a person’s normal range of behaviors.

4. Cyclothymic Disorder is recognized as a mild form of bipolar disorder. It is diagnosed when a person presents

Treatment for bipolar disorder can be beneficial, providing a person diagnosed with the disorder the opportunity to live a fully active and productive life. When conducted in conjunction with medication management, psychotherapy can be a highly effective treatment for bipolar disorder. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is one of the most effective forms of psychotherapy for treating bipolar disorder. Patients learn to change self-destructive and negative patterns of thoughts into more positive and constructive ones.

Medication management for bipolar disorder is highly effective, while at the same time, complicated by the fact that not all patients respond to medications in the same way.

Mood stabilizers are the most commonly prescribed medication to treat bipolar disorder:

  • Lithium (Lithobid)

Anticonvulsant medications prescribed to treat bipolar disorder include:

  • Valproic acid (Depakote)
  • Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  • Topiramate (Topomax)
  • Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)
  • Neurontin
  • Gabapentin

Atypical Antipsychotic medications prescribed to treat bipolar disorder include:

  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Risperidone (Risperdal)
  • Ziprasidone (Geodon)

Antidepressant medications prescribed to treat bipolar disorder include:

  • Fluoxetine (Prozac)
  • Paroxetine (Paxil)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft)
  • Bupropion (Wellbutrin)

If you or a loved one is suffering from bipolar disorder symptoms, you are encouraged to call Behavioral Help Solutions now for a confidential review of your case.

Anxiety is generally recognized as a normal human emotion experienced by most people when faced with a stressful situation. On the other hand, anxiety disorder refers to anxiety, causing a level of distress that impairs an individual's ability to function. Post Traumatic Anxiety Disorder or PTSD is an example of a severe anxiety disorder. It is generally accepted that an anxiety disorder is caused by a combination of factors, such as changes in brain chemistry and environmental stressors, such as trauma.

Call now for a confidential review of your case, (305) 467-8666.

The following is a list of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic Disorder is a condition in which a person experienced feelings of sudden and repeated terror. Symptoms include chest pain, palpitations, sweating, and choking.
  • Social Anxiety Disorder, also known as Social Phobia, is a condition in which a person experiences overwhelming self-consciousness, fear, and worry about being judged by another, leading to ridicule and embarrassment.
  • Specific Phobia is a condition in which a person experiences an intense fear of a particular object or situation.
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder is a condition in which an individual experiences excessive, recurrent, and unrealistic worry, fear, and tension.

Symptoms of PTSD

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Disturbance of sleep.
  • Palpitations.
  • Cold hands and/or feet.
  • Sweaty hands and/or feet.
  • Feelings of panic and/or fear.
  • Restlessness.
  • Muscle tension.
  • Nausea.
  • Dry mouth
  • Dizziness

If you or a loved one is suffering from anxiety and/or trauma symptoms, call us now for a confidential review of your case.

Individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder OCD report experiencing an uncontrollable and irrational need to check things repeatedly and/or experience patterns of thought to perform routines and rituals over and over. Those patterns of thought and repeated performance of rituals cause significant distress and negatively impact the ability to function independently.

As with many mental health disorders, there is no certain cause of OCD, but rather agreement among professionals that the severity of symptoms can be greatly influenced by genetic, environmental, medical, and social factors. Although OCD symptoms can be severe, they can be treated effectively with medication management in conjunction with psychotherapy. The following are some of the most commonly reported symptoms of OCD:

  • Repeated thoughts and/or images causing feelings of fear and anxiety.
  • Engaging in ritual behaviors over and over.
  • Inability to control or manage unwanted patterns of thought and behavior.
  • Experience no pleasure or relief as a result of engaging in ritual behavior.
  • Experience thoughts and/or engage in ritual behavior for at least one hour per day.

Seek Help

Medication management for OCD typically provides for a combination of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications. Psychotherapeutic treatment for OCD typically includes Cognitive Behavior Therapy CBT, such as exposure and response prevention.

If you or a loved one is suffering from symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior, call us now for a confidential review of your case

There are three subtypes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

  • Hyperactive-impulsive
  • Inattentive
  • Combined Hyperactive-impulsive and Inattentive

Although there is no exact cause for ADHD, the origin and severity of symptoms appear to be impacted by various genetic, environmental, nutritional, medical, and social factors.

Diagnostic criteria for ADHD require that symptoms must be present for at least six months or more and to a greater degree than children of that same age. Symptoms of ADHD include:

Inattention

  • Easily distracted
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Easily bored
  • Easily confused
  • Difficulty following instructions

Hyperactivity

  • Restlessness
  • Hyperverbal
  • Constantly in motion
  • Inability to be quiet when instructed to do so

Impulsivity

  • Impatience
  • Inappropriate outbursts
  • Interruptive
  • Little or no regard for the consequences of inappropriate behaviors

Symptoms of ADHD

Symptoms of ADHD can be treated effectively with a carefully considered medication management plan in addition to regularly scheduled psychotherapy and psycho-education. The following are some of the most commonly prescribed medications to manage symptoms of ADHD; please carefully review each of these medication options with your physician and take the time to learn about the associated side effects such as their addictive qualities:

Medications for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Adderall
  • Adderall XR
  • Concerta
  • Daytrana
  • Desoxyn
  • Dexedrine
  • Dextostat
  • Focalin
  • Focalin XR
  • Ritalin
  • Ritalin SR
  • Ritalin LA
  • Strattera
  • Vyvanse

Role Psychotherapy in Treating ADHD

Psychotherapy used to treat ADHD generally focuses on changing behavior patterns and learning to cope effectively with emotions. Furthermore, psycho-education and social and life skill training provides the patient with a greater understanding of the disorder, strategies to increase the ability to function with greater independence, and increased social acceptance, thereby increasing a greater sense of self-esteem.

If you or a loved one is suffering from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms, call Behavioral Help Solutions now for a confidential review of your case.

Although there is no exact cause for Attention Deficit Disorder ADD, the origin and severity of symptoms appear to be impacted by various genetic, environmental, nutritional, medical, and social factors. Diagnostic criteria for ADHD require the symptoms to be present for at least six months or more and to a greater degree than children of that same age. Symptoms of ADD include:

  • Easily distracted
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Easily bored
  • Easily confused
  • Difficulty following instructions

Call now for a confidential review of your case, (305) 467-8666.

Symptoms of ADD

Symptoms of ADD can be treated effectively with a carefully considered medication management plan in addition to regularly scheduled psychotherapy and psycho-education. The following are some of the most commonly prescribed medications to manage symptoms of ADD. Please carefully review each of these medication options with your physician and take the time to learn about the associated side effects such as their addictive qualities:

Medications for Attention Deficit Disorder

  • Adderall
  • Adderall XR
  • Concerta
  • Daytrana
  • Desoxyn
  • Dexedrine
  • Dextostat
  • Focalin
  • Focalin XR
  • Ritalin
  • Ritalin SR
  • Ritalin LA
  • Strattera
  • Vyvanse

How Can Psychotherapy Help

Psychotherapy used to treat ADD generally focuses on changing behavior patterns and learning to cope effectively with emotions. Furthermore, psycho-education and others' social and life skills provide the patient with a greater understanding of the disorder, strategies to increase the ability to function with greater independence, and increased social acceptance, thereby increasing a greater sense of self-esteem.

If you or a loved one is suffering from symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder, call us now for a confidential review of your case

Schizophrenia is a severe, chronic, and disabling disorder of the brain in which an individual experiences cognitive distortions that can negatively impair the ability to function. Symptoms of schizophrenia include fall into three recognized categories:

1. Positive symptoms of schizophrenia consist of psychotic behaviors such as:

  • Hallucinations, in which a person may see, hear, feel, and even experience a taste that others may not. “Voices” are the most common type of hallucination.
  • Delusions, in which a person experiences false beliefs that are generally not logical and maybe bizarre.
  • Thought disorders, in which a person experiences disorganized thinking, thought blocking, and neologisms.
  • Movement disorders, which an individual may experience and present with agitated and/or repeated body movements. On the other spectrum, an individual may experience catatonia, in which the individual appears to be unable to move and respond to others.

2. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia consist of a series of disruptions to the normal pattern of emotions and behaviors, such as:

  • Social Avoidance With Limited Speech
  • Diminished Ability to Experience a Pleasure
  • Flat Affect
  • Poor Personal Hygiene

3. Cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia consist of a reduced ability to perform cognitive functions, such as:

  • Inability to focus on tasks, pay attention to detail, and make rational decisions
  • Difficulty understanding information and instruction presented
  • Poor memory and limited retention of information

Cause of Schizophrenia

The actual cause of schizophrenia is under constant debate, study, review, and conjecture. Nevertheless, there is a general common acceptance among most mental health professionals that schizophrenia may be caused by a convergence of biological/genetic and environmental factors. For the most part, schizophrenia affects men and women equally with symptoms, usually starting between ages 16 and 30. Early signs of schizophrenia in teens may include disturbed sleep patterns, a drop in grades, drastic change in friends' composition, isolative behaviors, and recurrent feelings of irritability.

Call now for a confidential review of your case, (305) 467-8666.

Treating Schizophrenia

Individuals with schizophrenia have the potential to live an independently full and functioning life with a well-balanced care plan consisting of a combination of both antipsychotic medications and psychotherapeutic treatments.

The following are some of the more commonly prescribed “typical” antipsychotic medications:

  • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
  • Haloperidol (Haldol)
  • Perphenazine (Etrafon, Trilafon)
  • Fluphenazine (Prolixin)

The following are a list of some of the more commonly prescribed “atypical” or second generation of antipsychotic medications:

  • Risperidone (Risperdal)
  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Ziprasidone (Geodon)
  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Paliperidone (Invega)

Psychotherapeutic and Psychosocial Treatments

Psychotherapeutic and psychosocial treatments are a highly effective part of a well-balanced care plan for a person diagnosed with schizophrenia who has been stabilized on antipsychotic medications. These treatments provide ongoing emotional and case management support, which provide the foundation for life skills and interpersonal relationships. As a result, the person with schizophrenia is less like to experience a relapse of symptoms requiring additional hospitalization.

If you or a loved one is suffering from schizophrenia symptoms, call us now for a confidential review of your case.

Compulsive gambling is recognized as an uncontrollable urge to keep gambling despite the consequences it creates in your life. Gambling can stimulate the reward system of the brain, similar to the use of drugs and alcohol. The compulsive gambler continually attempts to chase bets, hide behaviors, deplete savings, accumulate significant debt, and engage fraud and theft to support the addiction.

The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms of compulsive gambling:

  • Experiencing a “high” from taking a larger gambling risk.
  • An overall preoccupation with gambling impairing social, work, and family responsibilities.
  • Using gambling in a self-medicating manner as a way to cope with underlying personal issues.
  • Lying about gambling and concealing whereabouts to “cover-up” gambling.
  • Experiencing feelings of guilt or remorse after gambling.
  • Regularly borrowing money and/or stealing to gamble.
  • Recurrent unsuccessful efforts to cut back on gambling.

You Deserve the Peace

Compulsive gambling generally progresses over a period of time. Although many people may have the ability to enjoy social gambling, the compulsive gambler may find themselves gambling during periods of stress or depression, experiencing an uncontrollable urge to gamble. In many cases, the compulsive gambler becomes “intoxicated” by the excitement derived from gambling rather than the potential for financial gain.

If you or a loved one is suffering from compulsive gambling symptoms, you are encouraged to call Behavioral Help Solutions now for a confidential review of your case.

Compulsive gaming and internet addiction are recognized as an uncontrollable urge to keep engaging in a video game and /or on-line activity despite the consequences it creates in your life. Compulsive gaming and internet addiction have the potential to stimulate the reward system of the brain, similar to the use of drugs and alcohol. The compulsive gamer and internet addict continually attempts to achieve a potentially unattainable victory, “high score,” or escape for hours in a conflict-free virtual world while trying to cover up and hide behaviors.

The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms of compulsive gaming and internet addiction:

  • Experiencing a “high” from achieving a victory, new “high score,” or anonymously interacting on-line with another.”
  • An overall preoccupation with gaming and on-line activity which leads to an impairment of social, work, and family responsibilities.
  • Using gaming and on-line activities in a self-medicating manner as a way to cope with underlying personal issues.
  • Lying about gaming and on-line activity while attempting to conceal whereabouts in an effort to “cover-up” gaming activities.
  • Experiencing feelings of irritability, fatigue, and anxiety due to prolonged online activity and game play episodes.
  • Recurrent unsuccessful efforts to cut back on gaming and other on-line activities.

Compulsive gaming and internet addiction generally progress over a period of time. Although many people may have the ability to enjoy social and recreational gaming and internet use, the compulsive gamer and internet addict may find themselves gaming and on-line during periods of stress or depression, experiencing an uncontrollable urge to gaming and engage in online activities. The compulsive gamer appears to become “intoxicated” by the excitement derived from the gaming experience.

Suppose you or a loved one is suffering from symptoms of compulsive gaming or internet addiction. In that case, you are encouraged to call Behavioral Help Solutions now for a confidential review of your case.

Overcome the Addiction

Compulsive gaming and internet addiction generally progress over a period of time. Although many people may have the ability to enjoy social and recreational gaming and internet use, the compulsive gamer and internet addict may find themselves gaming and on-line during periods of stress or depression, experiencing an uncontrollable urge to gaming and engage in online activities. The compulsive gamer appears to become “intoxicated” by the excitement derived from the gaming experience.

Suppose you or a loved one is suffering from symptoms of compulsive gaming or internet addiction. In that case, you are encouraged to call Behavioral Help Solutions now for a confidential review of your case.